Penestomus planus Simon, 1902
(From faded female specimen.) Carapace orange, lighter posteriorly with smooth texture, with fine black setae overall, with broad white setae concentrated in thoracic and fovea region (Fig. 15C). Sternum pale yellow. Chelicerae dark red, with six promarginal teeth, two retromarginal teeth. Legs dusky yellow basally, anterior legs orange distally, posterior legs yellow distally. Abdomen pale, but details obscured due to specimen damage.
Epigynum: Anterior lobe subtriangular, clearly differentiated from surrounding cuticle, posterior margin strongly concave; posterior lobe approximately 1/3 length of epigynum, with parallel grooves (Fig. 16A).
Female macrosetae: Leg I: femur d1, tibia v1-2-2, metatarsus v1-2-2; leg II: femur d1, tibia v1, metatarsus v1-2; leg III: femur d1, metatarsus v2; leg IV: femur d1, metatarsus v1-2; tarsus r1.
Female distinguished from other planus group species as follows: from P. montanus by the parallel grooves on the PL (Figs 16A, B; diverging in P. montanus, Fig. 12C), and by the having the AL of the epigynum well defined and subtriangular (suboval and weakly defined in P. montanus, Fig. 12C); from P. egazini by the PL, which is approximately one third the length of the epigynum (Figs 16A, B; nearly half the length of the epigynum in P. egazini, Fig. 12A); from P. prendinii by the recurved posterior margin of the AL (Figs 16A, B; transverse medially in P. prendinii, Fig. 12E); from P. zulu by the lack of an invagination on the posterior margin of the PL (Fig. 16D); from P. kruger by the overall shape of the epigynum, which is relatively wide and short with a strongly concave posterior margin of the AL in P. planus (Fig. 16A; narrow and long with a more weakly concave posterior margin of the AL in P. kruger, Fig. 16B). Male unknown.
Holotype female (AR 14375, 21716): Carapace 2.28 long, 1.61 wide, 0.56 high, sternum 1.31 long, 0.75 wide (abdomen disarticulated from prosoma so total length undetermined). Leg measurements:
Ecology and Distribution
Known from Eastern Cape Province and Western Cape Province, South Africa.